Essex Winer Review


Essex Wine Review (


Auxerrois Blanc or Auxerrois Blanc de Laquenexy is a white wine grape that is important in Alsace, and is also grown in Germany and Luxembourg. It is a full sibling of Chardonnay that is often blended with the similar Pinot Blanc.

Recent DNA fingerprinting suggests that it is a cross between Gouais blanc and Pinot, the same ancestry as Chardonnay. The name Auxerrois Blanc has actually been used as a synonym for Chardonnay in the Moselle region in France, which explains why there is also a longer name (Auxerrois Blanc de Laquenexy) for the grape variety.

Baco Noir

Baco noir (pronounced BA-koh NWAHR; Baco noir is also called Baco 1) is a hybrid red wine grape variety produced from a cross of Vitis vinifera var. (Folle Blanche, a French wine grape) and an unknown variety of Vitis riparia (an indigenous North American grape species). Baco noir was first created by French wine hybridizer Maurice Baco (hence the name of the grape).

Baco noir produces a medium body, deeply tinted, acidic red wine which is fruit forward and often carries aromas of black fruits and caramel. Ageing potential is 5-8 years on average for good examples of this wine.

In warmer climates, say as in the Atlantic Piedmont, Baco noir produces wines with leather and berry flavors if the fruit is allowed to hang until just before the berries start to shell. The acid is not overbearing. Baco noir has the potential in the hands of a skilled winemaker of producing a fine port. This variety does not have tannins like those of the Cabernets or Merlot.


Cabernet Franc

Cabernet Franc is one of the major varieties of red wine grape in Bordeaux. It is mostly grown for blending with Cabernet Sauvignon and Merlot in the Bordeaux style, but is also vinified alone, particularly in Chinon in the Loire.[1] It is even made into ice wine in Canada.

Cabernet Franc is lighter than Cabernet Sauvignon (of which it is a parent),[2] contributing finesse and a peppery perfume to blends with more robust grapes. Depending on growing region and the style of wine, additional aromas can include tobacco, raspberry, and cassis, sometimes even violets. The Cabernet Franc wine’s color is bright pale red.

Cabernet Franc is becoming more popular in Canada, being planted in Ontario’s Niagara Peninsula, Prince Edward County, the north shore of Lake Erie, Pelee Island, and the Okanagan Valley in British Columbia.


Cabernet Sauvignon

Cabernet Sauvignon is one of the world’s most widely recognized red wine grape varieties. It is grown in nearly every major wine producing country among a diverse spectrum of climates from Canada’s Okanagan Valley to Lebanon’s Beqaa Valley. Cabernet Sauvignon became internationally recognized through its prominence in Bordeaux wines where it is often blended with Merlot and Cabernet franc. From France, the grape spread across Europe and to the New World where it found new homes in places like California’s Napa Valley, Australia’s Coonawarra region and Chile’s Maipo Valley. For most of the 20th century, it was the world’s most widely planted premium red wine grape until it was surpassed by Merlot in the 1990s.


Chambourcin is a French-American interspecific hybrid grape variety used for making wine.

Its parentage is uncertain. The hybrid was produced by Joannes Seyve who often used Seibel hybrids produced in the 1860s. The grape has only been available since 1963. Chambourcin has a good resistance to fungal disease.

The grape produces a deep coloured wine with a full aromatic flavour, and no unpleasant hybrid flavours.

Chambourcin has also become a favorite of wine growers in the mid-Atlantic region of North America particularly in states like New Jersey, New York, and Pennsylvania. It is also grown in Ontario Canada, Wythe County, Virginia,Daviess County, Kentucky, Floyd County, Virginia, Greenbrier, Calhoun, Roane, and Mineral Counties in West Virginia, Allegan County, Michigan, Southern Illinois, the Yadkin Valley in North Carolina, Eastern Missouri,[1] the Hunter Valley and other warm, humid regions in Australia, and also in France, although it can not be sold as a quality wine in Europe.

In Australia, Chambourcin is often found in smaller wineries, especially on the South East Coast of New South Wales. The wine there has a deep purple colour and produces longer depth than most hybrids and leaves a full-bodied taste on the palate.

Chambourcin is one of the parents of the new disease resistant variety, Regent, which is increasing in popularity among German grape growers.

Gewürztraminer or Gewurztraminer

Gewürztraminer (ɡəˈvʏrtstraˈmi:nɚ, guh-VURTS-trah-MEE-ner in English) is an aromatic wine grape variety that performs best in cooler climates. It is sometimes referred to colloquially as Gewürz, and in French it is written Gewurztraminer (without the umlaut). Gewürztraminer is a variety with a pink to red skin colour, which makes it a “white wine grape” as opposed to the blue- to black-skinned varieties commonly referred to as “red wine grapes”. The variety has high natural sugar and the wines are white and usually off-dry, with a flamboyant bouquet of lychees. Dry Gewürztraminers may also have aromas of roses, passion fruit and floral notes. It is not uncommon to notice some spritz (fine bubbles on the inside of the glass).

Marechal Foch

Marechal Foch (pronounced “mar-esh-shall-fosh”), is an inter-specific hybrid red wine grape variety. It was named after the French marshal Ferdinand Foch (1851-1929), who played an important role in the negotiation of the armistice terms during the closing of the First World War. It was developed in Alsace, France by grape hybridizer Eugene Kuhlmann. Some believe it to be a cross of Goldriesling (itself an intra-specific cross of Riesling and Courtiller Musque) with a Vitis riparia – Vitis rupestris cross. Others contend that its pedigree is uncertain and may contain the grape variety Oberlin 595. It ripens early, is cold-hardy, is resistant to fungal diseases, but because of its small berry size is prone to bird injury. The quality of wine produced by Marechal Foch vines is highly dependent upon vine age, and the flavor profile associated with many new-world hybrid varietals is much reduced in examples made with fruit picked from older vines.

Ripe clusters of Marechal Foch on the vine.Marechal Foch is used to make a variety of styles of wine, ranging from a light red wine similar to Beaujolais, to more extracted wines with intense dark “inky” purple colour and unique varietal character, to sweet, fortified, port-style wines. Wines made from Marechal Foch tend to have strong acidity, aromas of black fruits and, in some cases, toasted wheat, mocha, fresh coffee, bitter chocolate, vanilla bean, and musk. In the darker variants of the wine a strong gamey nose is also often described.



Merlot (‘MERL-oh’ in British English, mer-LOH in American English and standard French) is a red wine grape that is used as both a blending grape and for varietal wines. Merlot-based wines usually have medium body with hints of berry, plum, and currant. Its softness and “fleshiness”, combined with its earlier ripening, makes Merlot an ideal grape to blend with the sterner, later-ripening Cabernet Sauvignon. This flexibility has helped to make it one of the most popular red wine varietals in the United States and Chile.



Meritage is a word used to distinguish wines that are made in the style of red Bordeaux but without infringing on that region’s legally protected designation of origin. Winemakers must license the right to use the trademark “Meritage” for their wines from The Meritage Association, based in California. The Meritage designation is primarily used in the United States, but in recent years some wineries in other countries have also started to use the designation.

Pinot Gris

Pinot gris is white wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera. Thought to be a mutant clone of the Pinot noir grape, it normally has a grayish-blue fruit, accounting for its name (“gris” meaning “grey” in French) but the grape can have a brownish pink to black and even white appearance. The word “Pinot”, which means “pinecone” in French, could have been given to it because the grapes grow in small pinecone-shaped clusters. The wines produced from this grape also vary in color from a deep golden yellow to copper and even a light shade of pink. The clone of Pinot gris grown in Italy is known as Pinot grigio.


Pinot noir

Pinot noir (IPA: [‘]) is a red wine grape variety of the species Vitis vinifera. The name may also refer to wines produced predominantly from Pinot noir grapes. The name is derived from the french words for “pine” and “black” alluding to the varietals’ tightly clustered dark purple pine cone shaped bunches of fruit.

Pinot noir grapes are grown around the world, mostly in the cooler regions, but the grape is chiefly associated with the Burgundy region of France. It is widely considered to produce some of the finest wines in the world, but is a difficult variety to cultivate and transform into wine.

Quality Pinot noir has been grown in Ontario for some time in the Niagara Peninsula and especially the Short Hills Bench wine region, as well as on the north shore of Lake Erie. It has also been grown recently in the Okanagan, Lower Mainland, and Vancouver Island wine regions of British Columbia.


Riesling is a white grape variety which originates in the Rhine region of Germany. Riesling is an aromatic grape variety displaying flowery, almost perfumed, aromas as well as high acidity. It is used to make dry, semi-sweet, sweet and sparkling white wines. Riesling wines are usually varietally pure and are seldom oaked. As of 2004, Riesling was estimated to be the world’s 20th most grown variety at 48,700 hectares (120,000 acres) (with an increasing trend), but in terms of importance for quality wines, it is usually included in the “top three” white wine varieties together with Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. Riesling is a variety which is highly “terroir-expressive”, meaning that the character of Riesling wines is clearly influenced by the wine’s place of origin.

In the countries where it is cultivated, Riesling is most commonly grown in colder regions and locations.

Villard Noir

Villard Noir is a red wine hybrid grape. It is a cross of the two once popular french hybrids, Siebel 6905 (also known as Le

Subereux) and Seibel 7053 (also known as Chancellor). It was once widely grown primarily in southwestern France with some

plantings in Bordeaux. The vine is normally grafted onto Vitis berlandieri rootstock. Although susceptible to botrytis and

powdery mildew, the vine is virtually immune to downy mildew. It is commonly used as a blending grape for table wine or in the

production of distilled beverages [1]

Although at one time it was widely planted in France now due to Appellation d’Origine Contrôlée laws the French have forbidden

its planting since 1977.


Viognier (vee-ohn-yay) is a white wine grape. It is the only permitted grape for the French wine Condrieu in the Rhone valley. Viognier was once fairly common. Now it is a rare white grape grown almost exclusively in the northern Rhône regions of France. In 1965, the grape was almost extinct when there were only eight acres in Northern Rhône producing only 1 900 liters of wine. The popularity and price of the wine have risen and thus the number of plantings has increased.

Viognier wines are well-known for their floral aromas, due to terpenes, which are also found in Muscat and Riesling wines. There are also many other powerful flower and fruit aromas which can be perceived in these wines depending on where they were grown, the weather conditions and how old the vines were. Although some of these wines, especially those from old vines and the late-harvest wines, are suitable for aging, most are intended to be consumed young. Viogniers more than three years old tend to lose many of the floral aromas that make this wine unique. Aging these wines will often yield a very crisp drinking wine which is almost completely flat in the nose. The color and the aroma of the wine suggest a sweet wine but Viognier wines are predominantly dry, although sweet late-harvest dessert wines have been made. It is a grape with low acidity; it is sometimes used to soften wines made predominantly with the red Syrah grape. In addition to its softening qualities the grape also adds a stabilizing agent and enhanced perfume to the red wine.


Zweigelt is a red wine grape variety developed in 1922, at the Federal Institute for Viticulture and Pomology at Klosterneuburg, Austria, by Fritz Zweigelt (who was later to become the director of this institute). It was a crossing of Blaufränkisch and St. Laurent. It is now the most widely-grown red grape variety in Austria, as well as having some presence in Canada’s vineyards.

At its best, it combines the bite and fruity character of the Blaufränkisch grape and the body of St. Laurent. When the crop load is high, however, the wine can be too dilute. Because of its fruity characteristics, it has been compared to the wines produced from the Gamay grape, like the red wines of Beaujolais.

If the body of the wine is full, it can be age-worthy and serious, although most Zweigelt is drunk young.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


VQA stands for Vintners Quality Alliance. Wines that are VQA are made from 100% grapes grown in Ontario and its unique viticultural areas. All VQA wines are verified to confirm their origin and tested to ensure they meet a rigorous set of quality standards. The VQA regions are: Lake Erie North Shore (which is the Essex County Wine Region), Niagara Peninsula, Pelee Island and Prince Edward County.

NON VQA wines are those that do not meet the VQA qualifications. This does not mean the wine is lower quality wine. There are many reasons why a wine is not a VQA wine such as it is a blend of grapes from different years, or the wine is made from grapes from other areas or countries.

Essex County Wine Review

Essex County Wine Review